In order to maximise plant growth, it is important to understand the different factors that plants depend on. These include light, water, carbon dioxide, temperature, and moisture. Each of these factors can have a significant impact on plant growth
Farmers have long relied on irrigation to water their crops, but the process is not without its challenges. Traditional manual irrigation is labour-intensive and can result in uneven coverage, while automatic irrigation requires complex cabling and can be difficult to diagnose.
The “Internet of Things” (IoT) has been progressively changing the face of agriculture by implementing smart technologies to help farmers automate process to reduce manual labour hours while also increasing crop yield with real time data alerts, allowing farms to respond quickly to changing environmental conditions. In recent years, the number of farmers using IoT-based systems has increased significantly. These systems typically collect data from sensors placed in fields and then transmit this information to a central database. From there, farmers can use software applications to monitor conditions and make decisions about irrigation, planting, and crop management. The result is a more efficient and effective agricultural operation. In addition to improving productivity, IoT-based systems can also help farmers reduce their impact on the environment. For example, by using data from weather sensors, farmers can optimise irrigation schedules to minimize water usage
By simplifying the process of data collection, IoT technologies makes it possible for farmers to build informative and insightful farming strategies. It also means that farmers have access to data such as information on soil moisture, temperature, and nutrient levels at their fingertips to help farmers build a data driven farm to maximise yields whist minimising inputs.
LoRa as a wireless communication technology is used in Milesight's smart irrigation solution. It has a low power consumption, a wide coverage, and a large connection. It significantly reduces expenses and enables large-scale IoT implementation feasible and simple. Furthermore, the solution provides real-time monitoring, accurate irrigation control, and remote management, among other benefits.
A greenhouse protects plants from external factors such as climatic conditions, pollution, etc. Basic factors affecting plant growth are indoor air quality, sunlight, the water content in the soil, temperature, humidity, etc.
The LoRaWAN® based sensors, controllers and gateway has helped in bringing solutions to many of the existing practical problems over the years. The sensors used in this case are soil moisture and electrical conductivity sensor and CO2, barometric pressure, temperature, and humidity sensor.
From the data received, the UG65 gateway automatically controls climate parameters efficiently inside the greenhouse by actuating motors, cooling fans, and sliding plastics respectively according to the required conditions of the plants to achieve maximum growth and yield. For example, if the greenhouse temperature is above 30 degrees Celsius and the luminosity of the sun is above 50,000 lux, then a command will be triggered to close the internal shading of the greenhouse for more scientific environmental monitoring.